By Joyce Grant-Worley, great-great granddaughter
Joseph Mallory / Mallery was born to Harrison Mallory and Cordelia Blakesley Tremain on May 5, 1845 in Clarksville, New York. Although a resident of New York, he enlisted with the Union Army in Boston, Massachusetts on October 2, 1864 just before the war ended. He served as a private with the Massachusetts 3rd Calvary, Company A, Regiment 3 for eleven months. At the end of the U.S. Civil War, he was mustered out on September 28, 1865 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
However, this engagement was not to end with the happy wedding of Emma and Joseph as she died five days before her 17th birthday on April 13, 1867.
Joyce Grant-Worley conjectures that Josephine, as an unmarried 17 year-old single woman, likely traveled between November and December of 1867 with her older sister Pharozine Garthwaite and brother-in-law John Ashley to Iowa as all were living in Iowa at the time of the 1870 census. They would have traveled after Pharozine had given birth to her first child in Wisconsin in October, unless Josephine traveled to Iowa with other members of her church to setup a new SDB colony as she was unmarried and only 16 years old. This latter seems like an unlikely scenario.
She might have traveled again with her sister Pharozine and brother-in-law. Joyce conjectures that Josephine may not have known that she was pregnant when she left Iowa or when Joseph left WI to return to Iowa. This breakup might have occurred in October or November. The two boys (ages 7 and 5) stayed with their father in Iowa. Josephine delivered her fifth child, Daisy Eloise “Bessie”, on April 28, 1876. Coincidentally, her sister Pharozine delivered her second child, Hattie Ashley, five days earlier on April 23, also in Milton, WI. Joseph was unaware of Daisy “Bessie’s” birth at least until after his divorce was obtained as he did not request custody of her as he listed the other four older children in the divorce filing.
Josephine did not return to Iowa. Family stories say that the three girls (Lottie, Allie, and Bessie) were given up for adoption to other families associated with the Seventh Day Baptist church four months after Bessie was born. This must have been traumatic or at least confusing for the two older girls who were 2 1/2 and 3 1/2 at the time.
Joseph initiated divorce proceeding in April of 1877 from Allegany county in New York where the court clerk notarized his initial filing. Allegany county is where Joseph spent his childhood up until he enlisted in the Union Army.
Joseph married Maria Murch six weeks after her eighteenth birthday. They were together for forty years until his death in 1925. They had six children of which four survived until adulthood.
In the 1880 census, Joseph and Mariah Mallery are found living in Nodaway, Iowa along with Joseph’s two older children. George Harrison Mallery was twelve and his brother Willard Orson was ten at the time. One month after the census was taken in June, their first child, Cecil, was born in Nodaway. Their second daughter, Jesse, was born in a different Iowa county in 1882. Then they moved again before their third daughter Hattie was born in Nebraska in 1886.
By 1888 they had moved all the way to the state of Washington. They lived in small towns in and around the town of Kelso, Washington. By 1911 Joseph had obtained 40 acres homestead land. They farmed or owned 40 acres in what is considered the Arkansas Valley to the west of Castle Rock, Cowlitz county, Washington. Three of Mariah and Joseph’s children were born in this area of Washington; Mamie (1890), Joseph A (1896) and Harris C (1899). Joseph died May 5, 1925 and his widow Mariah died October 3, 1929.
Finding the adoptive parents.
Charlotte “Lottie” was found in the 1880 census based on facts in her obituary with the Seventh Day Baptist newspaper, the Sabbath Recorder at the time of her death. Her adoptive father, William M Saunders, and adoptive mother Elizabeth Babcock, also were members of the SDB. In the 1880 census you can find many other names commonly associated with the church. Her adoptive father died when Lottie was 19 years old. On finding the census record Joyce noticed that Lottie was listed as an adopted daughter. She was living in Albion Wisconsin, only 11 to 12 miles from her biological mother.
Finding Ellen/ Allie Mallory was a little more difficult until census information on Pritchard led to her marriage record, where Allie was using the last name of Champney, her adoptive parents. Searches were done using the combination of her name Ellen and Allie and Mallory / Champney and her husbands last name of Pritchard. The 1880 census record records Allie as the adoptive daughter of George W and Tacy Green Champney as the adoptive parents in Oakland, Jefferson county, Wisconsin - living approximately 20 miles north of her biological mother Josephine Garthwaite Mallory. The last name Green is also quite common among members of the SDB.
To find Bessie with adoptive parents, Joyce took the census roll of microfilm and went screen by screen; starting first with the census area in Albion where Lottie resided. Joyce looked for Bessie by scanning every record first for a listing of an adoptive daughter. She found Lila/ Lulu Crandall with the correct age living with Elba Deforest Crandall and Harriet Alice Coon Crandall. Both names are very common among SDB. Also developing the ancestral lineage of Elba showed him to be a third cousin of Daisy “Bessie.” A biological daughter, Maud, was listed as being one year old in the 1880 census. There is a photo with the identification of the two girls “with Bessie and Maude” written on the back. Joyce assumes that was written by Bessie at a later time in life.
Elba died in 1885. At that that time with finances and loans, Alice Crandall was not able to care for Bessie and the two biological daughters Maude and Irla Crandall. Alice returned Bessie to her biological mother and step-father at that point. Family stories from Bessie, who was eight at the time, indicate she didn’t know she was adopted and had never met her biological mother.
The girls were reunited with their mother for this photograph in 1888. Josephine in the back left with Lottie to the right. In front left Bessie and then next to her Allie.
The also did a "glamour" shot of the girls posing with their long hair down.